Yesterday, in the Western Catholic Church, we ended the Christmas season...
Therefore the Lord Jesus came to baptism, and willed to have his body washed with water. Perhaps some one will say: He who is holy, why did he wish to be baptized? Pay attention therefore! Christ is baptized, not that he may be sanctified in the waters, but that he himself may sanctify the waters, and by his own purification may purify those streams which he touches. For the consecration of Christ is the greater consecration of another element.
For when the Savior is washed, then already for our baptism all water is cleansed and the fount purified, that the grace of the laver may be administered to the peoples that come after. Christ therefore takes the lead in baptism, so that Christian peoples may follow after him with confidence.
I understand the mystery: for the column of fire went first through the Red Sea, that the children of Israel might tread the hazardous journey without fear; and it, itself, went first through the waters, so that for those coming after it, it might prepare a way to pass. Which event, as the Apostle says, was a symbol of baptism.
Clearly baptism in some sort of way has been carried out when the cloud overshadowed the men, and the wave bore them.
But the one who performed all these things was still the same Lord Christ, who as he then went before the children of Israel in a pillar of fire, now by baptism goes before Christian peoples in the pillar of his body. This is the very pillar I maintain which then supplied light to the eyes of those who followed, and who now furnishes light to the hearts of believers; who then in the waves of the sea made firm the pathway, and now in the laver strengthens the footprints of faith.
A Sermon by St. Maximus of Turin (423 AD)
Yesterday, in the Western Catholic Church, we ended the Christmas season with the great feast of the Lords Baptism in the Jordan. Decorations in our Churches (and in many of our homes) came down-unless that occurred Sunday, which was the Western Feast of the Epiphany.
The origins of the differing timelines of the commemoration of these Feasts in the East and the West; and the theological distinctive they reveal; are rich, important and supremely interesting.
Yet, while theologians continue to grapple with these matters, in the Third Christian Millennium, the plan of God is still being revealed by Epiphanies. His manifestation continues to unfold and we are invited to be a part of that great mission.
I was struck this morning with the meaning of the Baptism of Jesus and our invitation, through our own Baptism, to live our lives in Him and continue His redemptive mission. It is to that ongoing plan of redemption that I now turn as I share my reflections on the meaning of this Feast.
This event of the Baptism of Jesus by John marks the beginning of His public ministry. He was thirty years old. He died His redemptive death at Golgotha when He was thirty three. The tomb could not contain Him and three days later He was raised from the Dead.
He spent thirty redemptive years of life in what writers have sometimes referred to as His hidden years in Nazareths school, growing in wisdom and stature (Luke 2:52) During those years, in the hearth of a human family, the Son of God, fully Divine and fully human, sanctified and transformed the entirety of the human experience.
The fathers of the Church referred to the Christian faith, and the sacraments of the church, as the mysteries. They are mysteries, in the sense of deep unfolding truths. They are inexhaustible in their depth of meaning, like a rich feast that never ends and a deep ocean of wonder into which we are invited to wade. We can never touch the bottom.
The God, who made the whole universe and created man out of the dust of the earth, took on our humanity. He lived in the first home of every human, for Him it was His self- chosen mothers womb. By first occupying a womb, those first nine months of His life have made every human pregnancy even more profound. There was a Redeemer in the womb of Mary! God was a fetus, a child in the womb. Because of this extraordinary fact, every human pregnancy, every womb, every child in the womb, was forever elevated beyond the dignity it already possessed.
Also, the extreme evil of abortion is made even more obvious and profane.
This year, we in America will soon commemorate the horror of legalized abortion when one more anniversary of the infamous judicial decision of the case Roe v. Wade is remembered. Roe v. Wade gave legal protection to the killing of children in the womb. In America, it has been the law of the land for over thirty years and now taken the lives of close to fifty million children. What horrors it has unleashed. How desperately we need to be saved from the culture of death that it represents.
This Redeemer in the womb, Jesus, began His saving work in utero. So powerful was His hidden presence in that womb that the one to whom He would come for Baptism, John, was himself baptized in the womb of his mother Elizabeth by the mere encounter between the pregnant Mary and Elizabeth.
That encounter, traditionally called the visitation is recorded in the sacred text of the New Testament. The story of this encounter between two children in the womb, the forerunner and his Savior, both hidden in their first home, is recorded in the first chapter of St. Lukes Gospel.
This child of Mary's was born and heaven touched earth.
He was raised by a human mother and father; and parenting and family life forever took on a deeper meaning. At the bench of Joseph the carpenter; he learned the carpenters trade and sanctified all human work as a participation in the continuing work of both creation and redemption.
Both activities continue in and through the work of His Church in the world. The Church is the Body of His Son still active, still mediating the fruits of His redemption as she journeys through time on the way to eternity.
At the breast of his mother, He elevated the already holy wonder and dignity of motherhood. He allowed Himself in His sacred humanity to be nurtured as a sign of the beauty of the entire human experience of growth and maturation. He now symbolically entrusts that nurturing work to that Church which has, from antiquity, rightly been called a mother for the whole human race. She is called to manifest the life of God on the earth.
The Epiphanies of God
Last Sunday, in the Western Church, we remembered the Manifestation to the Gentiles, the Feast of the Epiphany. We reflected on the wise men from the East who followed the light to the fullness of Divinity who humbled Himself to share in our humanity.
The word Epiphany means manifestation, it is a making present, a revealing. There is no doubt that even during those hidden years the plan, purpose and redemptive implications of the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus were manifested. They were an Epiphany of how the ordinary becomes extraordinary when lived in grace.
Yet, from antiquity, the Christian church has pointed to this Manifestation in the river of Jordan, this Epiphany in the waters, as the event wherein the full plan of God for His Church and the entirety of creation itself is made manifest. It is not only the beginning of the Lords public ministry, it is the beginning of the new creation, re-constituted in Him.
The beloved disciple John wrote in His first letter: See what love the Father has bestowed on us that we may be called the children of God. Yet so we are. The reason the world does not know us is that it did not know him. Beloved, we are God's children now; what we shall be has not yet been revealed. We do know that when it is revealed we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is. Everyone who has this hope based on him makes himself pure, as he is pure. (1 John 3:1-3)
We shall be like Him for we shall see Him as He is? How? We shall be like Him when we learn to live in Him and allow Him to live within us. This process of conversion and transformation begins at our own Baptism when He initiates the relationship.
The great spiritual writers tell us that through our baptism we are incorporated into Christ and enter into His Mystical Body which is the Church. As Maximus wrote: Christ therefore takes the lead in baptism, so that Christian peoples may follow after him with confidence
This Church is not simply a human congregation but rather a Communion. We are invited to begin in the here and now to live our lives, immersed in God. When we live this way, we reveal, we manifest, heaven on earth.
We are invited to see Him as He is and to become like Him for others. We are called to become a manifestation, an epiphany of God in a world stumbling along in the darkness of sin. We can do that, more or less effectively, by becoming immersed in Christ, becoming more like the One who is the Light of the world.
The process of being made pure, of being made holy (which literally means being set aside) lies at the foundation of this great feast; if we seek to understand it in its fullness, its mystery. The Baptism of Jesus, the great Theophany, speaks to the very meaning and mystery of the vocation of the whole Church and of every Christian. We are called to be immersed in God and to bring the whole human race and the world along with us.
The Apostle Peter writes in his second letter to the dispersed early Christians explaining to them, and to us, that we are to become partakers of the divine nature. Eastern Christianity and its theological language speaks of this process as theosis. God manifests Himself in and through you and me!
The word Epiphany (meaning "manifestation") is not often used in Eastern Christianity. Instead it is replaced by the word Theophany, which in Greek literally means not only a manifestation but the "manifestation of God."
The Theophany, the Baptism of Jesus at the Jordan, manifests the very life of the Holy Trinity to the whole world. In so doing it invites the whole world into a communion, a participation in that life of the Trinity through Baptism into Jesus Christ! The scene reveals this deeper meaning of the Mystery that is the Theophany or the "Baptism of our Lord" and why it truly is the Epiphany of Epiphanies. In this extraordinary biblical account we find the very Trinity revealed. The heavens open, the voice of the Father speaks to the Son and the Spirit descends!
The waters of the Jordan are sanctified by the Son. In the first creation, God created the heavens and the earth through the Son. Now, that Son, come among us as a man, goes down into those waters and re-creates the world in Himself. The redemptive mission of Jesus will only be complete in the new heavens and new earth. All that was created, re-created in Him and given back to the father.
From antiquity, the Church has found a deeper meaning in this Baptism in the River Jordan. Symbolically, all water is sanctified when God the Son is immersed into it. Just as the Spirit hovered over the waters of the original creation, the Spirit now hovers over these waters wherein the Son, through whom the entire universe was made, is immersed. This is the reason why, in the East, when this feast is celebrated, waters are blessed. In fact, in the Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches, the clergy often lead the faithful to rivers and entire rivers are blessed!
One of the first elements of creation (Genesis 1:9/ St. John 1:1-5)), created by the Father through the Son, is now re-created through the Incarnate presence of the Son. God now stands in the waters of the earth He created. Into these waters, through which the people of Israel were once delivered, the entire human race is now invited to follow Jesus in every Baptismal Font, in every Church, for all eternity.
In Christ, the Son, all water has been sanctified and what was once the means of Gods judgment and purification at the time of Noah, has become the fountain where men and women are delivered from sin and made new! There, as on this great day, at every Baptism, the heavens open, and the Holy Spirit appears, as a sign of the beginning of the new creation in each new life.
Through Christs Baptism, the waters of the whole earth have forever been sanctified and the Church is now given new waters for her saving and sanctifying mission.
In the waters of the Jordan, the Trinity, the Communion of Divine persons, in perfect unity, is revealed. In the great liturgical prayer of the East the Church proclaims: When Thou, O Lord was baptized in the Jordan, the worship of the Trinity was made manifest... O Christ our God who has appeared and enlightened the world, Glory to Thee." To this day and up until the consummation of all things, the Church of Jesus Christ baptizes in the Name - the identity- of that Trinity.
The commemoration of the Baptism of Jesus Christ in the Jordan River by the Prophet and Forerunner John is a manifestation of a deeper mystery that informs the heart, the center, of the Christian faith. The Baptism of Jesus is about the conversion and transformation of the entire human race, and the transformation of all creation!
In his baptism in the Jordan, Jesus is not sanctified for He is without sin. He is the Holy One who makes us holy as we choose to enter into communion with God through Him. We become sons (and daughters) in the Son. He descends into the waters of the Jordan River and sanctifies the waters of the whole earth. He begins the new creation and we are now invited to follow Him as He makes all things new.
The Theophany speaks to the great teaching of the Christian faith that all of creation will be redeemed! In fact as Paul wrote to the Christians at Rome, creation itself groans for that full redemption (Romans 8:28). This belief in the full redemption of creation, of a new heaven and a new earth, is integral to the Christian faith.
Christians are NOT anti-matter. We profess in our ancient creed that we await the resurrection of our bodies and life in a world to come. We should live as though we believe that we will spend eternity in resurrected bodies in a new heaven and a new earth. We need a redemptive approach to the material world, including our own bodies.
The last Book of the Bible, the Revelation or Apocalypse of St. John ends with the beloved Disciple revealing his vision, given to him at Mt Patmos, of a new heaven and a new earth coming down from heaven, sent by God (Revelations 21).
The Feast of the Theophany, the Baptism in the Jordan celebrates the full salvation and sanctification of all matter. The Greek word for Baptism means to be immersed. Before it is all over, the entire world will be immersed in God and transformed. It will be freed from sin and made new! The entire Universe is God's creation. His Wisdom and love are revealed in its design; his Word brought it into being. The breath of His Spirit sustains and redeems it.
The Christian faith does not teach that the created order is evil. Nor does it teach that humanity has nothing good left within it. (Though, some theologies in certain segments of the Christian world come awfully close to both proclaiming and demonstrating that mistake.) The world, created through the Son, was good. Sin disrupted that relationship with God. Now, in the Son, it is restored and elevated to an even greater dignity. Do we who are Christians live our lives in the world in a way that manifests the goodness of Gods creation and His loving plan for all men and women in a new heaven and a new earth?
Sometimes the confusion comes over the word rendered in English world. The word world is used in two contexts in the sacred scriptures.
First, the scripture speaks of that world, the created order, that God so loved that He sent His only Son. (See, St. John 3:16). He hasnt changed His mind! He still sends His Son into that world through those who are baptized into Him and form His Body on the earth which is His Church. This Church lives and works in that creation that He made out of love and gave to us! The Church is called to continue His work of redemption and re-creation in Christ. He still looks at this world and says it is good (Genesis 1:31)
Then there is the use of the word world to refer to a system that has no room for God and which, like its inhabitants, is affected and corrupted by sin. Sin involves the rejection of God and His plan. It is a wrong use of our freedom to choose. That wrong choice not only affects us, it affects the world in which we live.
At the center of our nature, that which makes us different than all other creatures, is our capacity to choose. The very Imago Dei or Image of God is manifested in our capacity to make choices. Sin is always the wrong choice. The Original Sin of our first parents, corrupted not only the entire human race but the creation itself.
The order of the entire universe was affected by that sin. The system that has no room for God is now under the power of the Evil One. This created order in rebellion is also called the world in the Bible. It is a system at odds with God. This is the world we are warned of when the apostle writes do not love the world nor the things of the world (1 John 2:15)
God came into this world to redeem it. On that great day, when He comes again, that work of redemption will be fully complete and the cry of the Book of Revelations will be heard throughout the entire universe The Kingdom of this world has become the kingdom of our God and of His Christ (Revelations 11:15)
The world, created as good, was corrupted by our sin. The men and women created for communion with their Creator were marred and disfigured by sin. We needed a Redeemer, one like us in all things but sin. One who, because He was Divine could win for us the fullness of redemption from the penalty of our sin and One who, because He was human, could transform our mortal bodies to be like His Resurrected Body.
We are not born into a world that reflects only its Creator's beautiful design. No, we are now born into a world system where both matter and people are used as products for evil ends. Even so, the creation still reveals the beauty of Gods design. Men and women, the apple of His eye, the crown of His creation, still reflect His Image. Both reflection and Image are marred by sin and must be fully redeemed and transformed in Christ.
Descending into the waters of the Jordan Jesus, God the Son, who now shares our humanity, makes that living water a sign of his redemptive, re-creative presence. The waters of Baptism, in every font throughout the world, now flow with mercy. The Creator who spoke those waters into being through the Son, now condescends to step down from heaven in the Son, take on our flesh, and be immersed into the waters of the Jordan!
Once, the Spirit hovered over the waters.
Now the Word Incarnate descends into Jordan's water making it holy. In so doing, He begins the redemptive, re-creation of the universe. Jesus Christs immersion, his descent into the Jordan, begins the redemption, the re-creation of all matter. We are invited into its continued mission.
This redemption of the entire created universe, of all matter, is an ongoing work. We who are now baptized into Him are called to share in this work. The public mission and ministry of Jesus began at the waters of Jordan. It continues now through His Church.
As sons and daughters of that Church, we carry on His public ministry through time into eternity. We are invited on this great Feast to learn to live our lives in the Theophany of God. When we truly begin to live our lives immersed in God we will begin to reveal the Love of the Trinity to the entire human race.
May God be manifested in and through us!
May the Church truly be an Epiphany of God.
May we who are Christians come to grasp the depth of the mystery that is the Christian life and mission and live it in its fullness!
Deacon Fournier is a Deacon of the Diocese of Richmond, Virginia serving at St. Benedict's Catholic Church, a dynamically orthodox Roman Catholic Parish, dedicated to fidelity to the Magisterium and faithfulness to the Church's mission of sanctification, evangelization and transformation. He holds degrees from Franciscan University of Steubenville, the John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family, the University of Pittsburgh School of Law and is currently a PHD student in Moral Theology at the Catholic University of America. His latest book is entitled, "The Prayer of Mary: Living the Surrendered Life".